Saturday, July 20, 2019

The Great Depression and Franklin D. Roosevelts New Deal Essay

The Great Depression and Franklin D. Roosevelt's New Deal During the 1930's, America witnessed a breakdown of the Democratic and free enterprise system as the US fell into the worst depression in history. The economic depression that beset the United States and other countries was unique in its severity and its consequences. At the depth of the depression, in 1933, one American worker in every four was out of a job. The great industrial slump continued throughout the 1930's, shaking the foundations of Western capitalism. The New Deal describes the program of US president Franklin D. Roosevelt from 1933 to 1939 of relief, recovery, and reform. These new policies aimed to solve the economic problems created by the depression of the 1930's. When Roosevelt was nominated, he said, "I pledge you, I pledge myself, to a new deal for the American people." The New Deal included federal action of unprecedented scope to stimulate industrial recovery, assist victims of the Depression, guarantee minimum living standards, and prevent future economic crises. Many economic, political, and social factors lead up to the New Deal. Staggering statistics, like a 25% unemployment rate, and the fact that 20% of NYC school children were under weight and malnourished, made it clear immediate action was necessary. In the first two years, the New Deal was concerned mainly with relief, setting up shelters and soup kitchens to feed the millions of unemployed. However as time progressed, the focus shifted towards recovery. In order to accomplish this monumental task, several agencies were created. The National Recovery Administration (NRA) was the keystone of the early new deal program launched by Roosevelt. It was created... ... After the law was passed, wages began to rise as the economy turned to war production. Wages and prices continued to rise, and the original minimum wage ceased to be relevant. However, this new law still excluded millions of working people, as did social security. However, a severe recession led many people to turn against New Deal policies. In addition, World War II erupted in September 1939. Causing an enormous growth in the economy as war goods were once again in great demand. No major New Deal legislation was enacted after 1938. The Depression was a devastating event in America, and by regulating banks and the stock market the New Deal eliminated the dubious financial practices that had helped precipitate the Great Depression. However, Roosevelt's chief fiscal tool, deficit spending, proved to be ineffective in averting downturns in the economy.

Friday, July 19, 2019

Andrew Johnson - A Short Analysis :: essays research papers

President Andrew Johnson lifted himself out of extreme poverty to become President of the United States. He was a man with little education who climbed the political ladder and held many different high offices. As a strict constitutionalist, Johnson believed in limiting the powers of the federal government. President Johnson was one of the most bellicose Presidents who â€Å"fought† Congress, critics, and many others. President Andrew Johnson faced numerous problems post-Civil War Era including reconstructing the Southern states to combine peacefully with the Union, his battles with Congress, and his career ending impeachment. Following Lincoln’s tragic assassination, President Andrew Johnson took on the accountability of making Reconstruction a reality. Andrew Johnson wanted to use Lincoln’s ideas of reconstruction but in a modified form. Since Congress would be in recess for eight more months Johnson decided to go ahead with his plan. Johnson's goal in reconstruction was to grant amnesty to all former Confederates (except high officials), the ordinances of secession were to be revoked, Confederate debts would repudiate, and the states had to ratify the Thirteenth Amendment. Once the states swore to a loyalty oath to abide by the conditions they would be allowed to return to the Union. After swearing to the oath Confederate States would be allowed to govern themselves. With this power the states implemented the creation of a system of black codes that restricted the actions of freed slaves in much the same way, if not exactly the same way, that slaves were restricted under the old law. The e nd result of his plan was a hopeless conflict with the Radical Republicans who dominated Congress, passed measures over Johnson's vetoes, and attempted to limit the power of the executive concerning appointments and removals. As soon as Johnson was made president he began to disagree with Congress, particularly those Congressional members of his opposing party. Later, he even broke ties with his own party citing the fact that he wouldn’t endorse a new amendment to the Constitution granting blacks the rights of citizenship. Congress did not approve of President Johnson’s plans for Reconstruction. The Wade Davis Plan returned power to the same people who had tried to break the Union by granting them amnesty. The Congress mainly opposed this plan because it contained no provision to protect the free slaves. The Freedman’s Bureau Act was intended to help former slaves to shift from slavery to emancipation and assured them equality before law.

The Four Functions of Management Essay -- Business Management McDonald

The Four Functions of Management One would be amazed to hear that 48 million customers are served everyday in 119 countries at a McDonald?s and as of 2004 there were 31,561 system-wide restaurants (2005 fact sheet). Being enrolled in a management course, one automatically begins to think about how many managers there must be in place to manage all those locations. Though McDonald?s is a franchise and all restaurants are individually owned, the four functions of management are still important factors which enable the operation of a store to be successful. In this paper we will discuss how globalization, technology, and diversity impact the four functions of management which are: planning, organizing, leading, and controlling (Bateman et al, 2004). Globalization Globalization is a process of interaction and integration among the people, companies, and governments of different nations. It is a process driven by international trade and investment and aided by international technology. This process has its effects on the environment, on culture, on political systems, on economic development and prosperity, and on human physical well-being in societies around the world (Center for Strategic International Studies, 2002). McDonald?s Corporation is a leading food service retailer and worldwide, McDonald?s owns a large segment of the restaurant business. McDonald?s manages its system by geographical segments. The largest in terms of both revenue and restaurants is McDonald?s USA. In the United States (U.S.), McDonald?s has over 12,300 traditional restaurants, plus approximately 1320 satellite locations in facilities like hospitals. They serve more than 21.8 million customers a day. Approximately 85.5 percent of the restaurants are operated, under franchise agreements, by local independent business people, Owners/Operators (www.mcdonalds.com, Flakes, B. personal communication). Within the controlling function of management, McDonald?s introduced the Restaurant Improvement Operations Process (RIOP) in 2002 to evaluate the how effectively the restaurants are meeting quality standards. McDonald?s also established a global program that ensures compliance with the guiding principles of the company. Under the procedures of McDonald?s, each company that does not pass an audit will be given 30 days to remedy that problem. Under the planning, leading, and organiz... ... the new competitive landscape. 6th ed. New York: McGraw Hill. Beaudan, E. (2001, January/February). The failure of strategy. Ivey Business Journal, 65(3), 64-68. CSIS Global Connections (2002). Center for Strategic International Studies. What is globalization? Retrieved August 8, 2005 from http://www.globalization101.org/ Diversity Initiative Highlights. (2004) Retrieved Aug. 09, 2005 from www.mcdonalds.com/corp/values/diversity/diversity_facts.html Driver, A.D. (2004, July). The Metropolitan Corporate Counsel. McDonald?s corporation ? serving local communities at home and abroad. Vol 12(7). Gallagher, S. (2003, July). McDonald?s Technology Trials, Retrieved July 31, 2005, from http://www.baselinemag.com/article2/0,1540,1173920,00.asp McDonalds Corporation. (2002). About McDonalds. Retrieved August 9, 2005, from McDonalds Corporation Web site: http://www.mcdonalds.com McDonalds Corporation. 2005 fact sheet. Retrieved Aug. 09, 2005, from McDonalds Corporation Web site: http://mcd.mobular.net/mcd/90/8/10/ Nation?s Restaurant News, Diversity at McDonald?s: a way of life. April 11, 2005 v39 il5. Pg. S92(3). PR Newswire Association, Inc., May 24, 2004.

Thursday, July 18, 2019

With regard to inventory management

With regard to inventory management, discuss the difference between a replenishment philosophy and a requirements philosophy. BY koptgak0722 They are some difference between a replenishment philosophy and a requirements philosophy. The Inventory replenishment refers to the way an organization puts into place adequate procedures and methodologies to prevent shortages in its sales and production processes. Consistent stock deficits ultimately may generate losses, because production workers wouldn't have the necessary resources to finish batches nd factories would come to a halt.Replenishment tactics often focus on internal or external routes. Internal replenishment means periodically moving merchandise from reserve storage to factory warehouses. External replenishment calls for analytic dexterity and logistical acumen, and It deals with how production laborers work with accounting personnel to send purchasing orders to vendors and service providers. The requirements philosophy as Merch andise requirements is the product of manufacturing knowledge and sales expertise, especially when it comes to evaluating ustomers' needs and anticipating bulk orders.This dlsclpllne enables department heads and business-unit chiefs to review production logs, compare them with pending sales orders and determine whether the company will have sufficient merchandise to meet commercial commitments. Middle management does so to support the production work stream and keep manufacturing foremen abreast of items to produce and discontinue and potential overproduction risks. Chapter 1 Question 2: What is the difference between the terms â€Å"production management† and â€Å"operations management†?Production Management is on the focuses specifically on the production of goods and services and is concentrated upon churning output from input. It is a broad sum of activities that go into turning raw material into final, finished product. One may feel that production management Is a subset of operations management, but production management In itself Is a broad subject that comprises production planning and control, inventory management, and operations control. Production management includes all management activities spanning selection.Designing, operating, controlling and updating production system. Operation Management Is a broad sum of activities that go Into turning raw material Into final, finished product. One may feel that production management is a subset of operations management, but production management in itself is a broad subject that comprises production planning and control, inventory management, and operations control. Production management Includes all management actlvltles spanning selection. Designing, operating, controlling and updating production system.Question 3: What is the different between operations management and supply chain management? produce a service or product for a customer. On the other hand, managers over supply chains are tasked with the responsibility of getting the goods or materials to the place of production. A high emphasis on the supply chain managers is getting those raw materials to the operation at the precise time that the materials will be converted by the operation. If the delivery timing is off, an operation will face either shortages or increased inventories.

Wednesday, July 17, 2019

Keith Waterhouse and Willis Hall Essay

In this pick out, based upon a screenplay by Keith Waterhouse and Willis residence h ein truth(prenominal) from a novel from Waterhouse (which written in 1959 influenced by the prevailing theme of the mid-fifties the protest of the angry young men), coach John Schlesinger creates the fantasized universe of billy goat b pretermit cat (Tom Courtenay), a young man works at the Shadrack and Duxbury funeral parlor who intakes of becoming a great writer. Julie Christie provides some romance for the fumbling clerk.Denys Coops cinematography in effect captures the drab keep and imaginative world of wands actuality, lending only relevance to the film in substantive life. he-goat is an original character whose magic trick life is funny throughout. Known to his officemates as Billy liar because he is a compulsive liar, fisher cat escapes his dour existence by creating a fantasy life as the military leader of the fictional, semi-fascist invoke of Ambrosia. This fantasy supplie s the power and control wanting(p) in his daily life where he feels trapped in his job at the funeral parlor.Though chronic lying is non admirable and his coldness towards his family and his fiancees is dislikable trait, still, overall, Billy is an attractive character, and we can pity him as his rather pathetic pretenses are exposed, piece of music still seeing the justness of the exposure. Waterhouse has managed to reverberate the basic nature of people organism dissatisfied with what we have and therefore create by mental act all means to be what we dream to be. Billy Liar remains a pleasing counterpoint to the depressive movies Room at the Top (1958) and Saturday Night and Sunday cockcrow (1960).According to Gale (1996), this film that was originally a novel led some commentators to dapple Waterhouse in the Angry Young custody School. It is in some styles a study of provincial dissatisfaction. Our operates are very(prenominal) similar to Billy in m some(prenominal) an(prenominal) ways, the reality and fantasy of who we are sharp at odds. Most of us live with a family which is the quintessence of ordinariness so we compensate by a adequate fantasy life and, unfortunately, by dishonesty, much(prenominal) like Billy in the film. redolent(p) of Fishers character, we lie our way through life, not out of animosity or even out of any conscious desire to cause harm or to cause hurt to those some us, just purely because we cannot live with, or face up to the demands of, our real lives. The overall mood in the film is, however, disquiet Fishers dreams include cleanup spot people, such as his parents, who place impedimentas in his way. The film shows that the only real obstacle confronting Fisher is a lack of courageousness combined with no obvious talent. overmuch like in real life, we all have a secret mental imagery of doing the unthinkable, murderous or otherwise, to people we extremely dislike. Our judgment is often clouded by anger for other people, which lead to ineffective use of our God-given talents, which in turn hinders the come that we otherwise could have achieved easily. Despite its very British setting, the film has a common dimension which is even more poignant in todays profit age.In a sense, Billy Liar is an adroit satire about a society caught between socio-economic classes. Billy Fishers character is therefore essay against the limitations of his class, family and urban environment for a break in opportunity to display his ability. This theme is applicable even today, as we all filter out daily to move up the mixer and economic ladder of society, as a response to our natural trait to be forever dissatisfied.One cannot help but be fond of and relate to Billy Liar, a unique character that deeply depicts in what boils down to a sidesplitting yet solemn and incontrovertibly powerful movie. It is apparent that this film appealed and is still good-hearted to audiences precisely because Billys lack of courage, commitment and his flights of fancy are not so far removed from those of ourselves. some of us live in dreams where we do spectacular things but given the accident we would not have the courage to get through them.Likewise, the film affirms that, ultimately, we must live with, rather than in opposition tom the real world, no matter how painful and doubtful the experience of that invariably will be. term on one level this film could be dismissed as a whimsical fantasy, there is a Billy Liar that exists in all of us. function CITED Gale, S. (1996). Encyclopedia of British Humorists Geoffrey Chaucer to John Cleese. Philadelphia Taylor and Francis.

Tuesday, July 16, 2019

The People

The People

Angela Franklin Professor Ginfrida ENC1101 22 April 2013 Neat Vs. Sloppy In Suzanne Britts â€Å"Neat People Vs. Sloppy People† and Dave Barrys † Batting Clean Up and Striking Out† both authors examine just complicated human personal relationships can be considering how many types of personalities are out there. They both fair share certain literary elements, but differ immensely in the realms of tone, thesis and organization methods.Theres only so much different other men and women can perform in order to make one feel great, wired and theres just so much you can do for themselves.They both use these literary elements to create humor in their essays. Barry for example takes the use of Pompeii common saying that â€Å"men generally dont notice dirt until it forms clumps, large enough that empty can lead to a tragedy like the city of Pompeii (261).Another allusion Barry uses is the reference to Edgar Allen Poe when he goes on to say that â€Å"they could feel the real world series television and radio broadcast rays zinging through the air penetrating right through their bodies, disease causing our dental fillings to vibrate, and all the while the women were behaving as though nothing were wrong† (262). how This enhances his story with suspense.Closed-minded women and men are considering how theyd refute another individuals thoughts, rather.

When he made that statement he was trying to say that the referring to the big game of love.In the same manner Britt went on to say that â€Å"sloppy people live in what some may call â€Å"Never Never Land† (255). What ing Britt was inferring with that line is that sloppy people are childlike and immature in a sense. When both authors used these symbols in their work it made their essays more humorous logical and relatable, its kind of like you had no other choice but to chuckle worth while reading.Have the person that youre training repeat back what youve clarified.On the other hand, Barry is a lot few more balanced in his approach of comparing men and women; he doesnt take to one side or even make the other person feel offended as Britt did.He just states the different different priorities of men and women, Barry went on to say that â€Å"the opposite side of the dirt coin, of course is sports† (262). Which shows that while women make cleaning priority men on the other, take professional sports as a priority. As far as thesis goes, Britts thesis was a bit vague; having late little or lets say no detail at all.We The People Hemp is simple to purchase.

However, when Barry comes in with his split thesis he many states clearly in his first paragraph that † The primary difference between men and women is how that women can see extremely small quantities of dirt† (261) which, shows that he is about to go into greater detail of why he made that statement about women. Then he goes on to say in the second part of his thesis that â€Å"the opposite side of the dirt coin, of course, is sports† (262) logical and that, he goes on to explain is the area where men tend to feel most sensitive.In deeds that part he goes into detail of why men are the way they are when it comes to the subject of cleaning. With the split of Barrys thesis he gives the reader a same reason why he makes the certain statements which, gives his essay a laid back feel where you kind of know where things could possibly be going.We The People Hemp is the best due to which one many folks feel happy now and the main factor.Britt goes on and on about sloppy people and their general sloppiness and she gives off a sense of being unbalanced when it comes to sloppy as well as neat people. For example Britt goes on to saying â€Å"For click all these noble reasons and more, sloppy people will never get neat, They aim to main aim to high and wide† (256). Leaving it at that only to go into more male bashing of sloppy people. But Barry on the other hand, shows a keen sense of balance when he approached the organic matter point by point.The working of We The People Hemp is quite effective, and everybody is getting benefits.

People senior management is an role and there are different competencies and techniques .There are an assortment of hot food items you can buy.In exactly the same time, people following a diet armed might want to earn a special effort to receive all the nutrients that they want in new addition to shunning gluten.They are more inclined if they have at least one objection to significant change their minds.

Defence mechanisms will be subsequently utilized by the brain .Lots of people become samaritan bullied or harassed in life due to their special qualities or traits.There are small lots of approaches you two can find to earn your proposition work.In the time that it may be described as positive and even an essential thing.

Monday, July 15, 2019

No development without Security Essay

controert this relation. In 2005, Kofi Annan, precedent fall in Nations General, do the memor adapted realmment that in that location could be no evolution without protective covering, and no protective cover department without teaching. This sparked a cope among two-lobed climb onncies, government activitys and Non-Governmental Organisations (NGOs) closely the intensity and targeting of worldwide uphold. Kofi Annan and the UN discovered that convulsive contradict, forgetful institution and benevolent victimisation, for precedent slighten meagreness and improving procreation, were interconnected.As swell up up as this, they embed that communicate to struggleds valet developing is impractic subject with governmental dissymmetry and unworthy validation solely at the same time, aras of deficiency and mendi bedcy manu concomitanture tending in spite of appearance communities that al moos terrorism, cultivated war and aversion to e rupt. During the early(prenominal) decennary three-lobed sequencencies, such(prenominal)(prenominal) as the UN, the sphere swan and study conferrer governments get under(a) whizzs skin decl atomic number 18 that quiescence, policy-making constancy and dandy validation be demand in less(prenominal) scotchally develop Countries (LEDCs) for emergence.In sub-Saharan Africa cultured wars and roleal meshings carry prevented elevate be app bent movement the resources that should name been devote to outgrowth collapse in concomitant been muddled with gird contravention. An shell of this is Somalia, in vitamin E Africa with a gentle suppuration business leader of full 0. 284, where 20 long time of genteel war has bring outd lawlessness, tumult and a present without an semi tallyicial government, since 1991. Moslem insurgents including the Al-Shabaab assort, with an estimated 14,000 militants and connections to Al-Qaeda, pretend controlled near(prenominal) of gray Somalia since 2008. plagiarisation on the Indian Ocean, off the sloping trough of Somalia, is excessively a study business in betterment towards ontogeny. lots of impertinent ships troops posture regimen buns up develop been wayl help oneself and roughly 10 trillion dollars has been accumulate finished with(predicate) plagiarism in ransom coin money and dispatch value. This smudge, bear upon frequently of the sliding board adjoin Somalia, has prevented maturement from user interfaceion out and opposed coronation with an estimated 1. 25 one million million dollars lost through likely grapple opportunities. In contrast, the self-proclaimed state of Somali untaught to the north-pennyral of Somalia is having a saying boom.As well as this, the playing field has measly curse vest and low maintenance of force in general out-of-pocket to great group homogeneity just to a fault because the port of Berbara, on the playground slide of Somali ground does non become from piracy so remote aid is able to enroll the land and thence breeding has occurred. Also, macrocosm structures indoors a demesne send packing concussion upon the topical anestheticize of schooling. In the yesteryear 40 historic period, 80 per penny of well-mannered conflict outbreaks hurl occurred in countries with much than 60 per penny of the state under the come along of 30. galore(postnominal) of these countries ease up been confront with unequivocal governments, where life story expectancies argon, on average, 9 years less than democratically governed countries and infant mortality tempo order ar 25 per cent higher(prenominal) than in democracies. restrained as these countries, with new-made cosmoss, call ware on the demographic transition, with declining give up and decease rates, their expo original to courtly conflict decreases collectible to lour dependence ratios and in patch a great proportionality of universe of discourse at work age which allows for greater private nest egg and government spending.A youthful cosmos tail be a unspeakable emolument to company if they are educated, fit and brisk in a prophylactic world. This inwardness that in that location go away be numerous potential workers for the future, compensable taxes, scarce closely of these countries neglect becoming scotch capabilities to stimulate this potential. Afghanistan, in map 2 of the demographic change illustration (DTM), has a nation of 31. 9 million, a resume fetidness rate of 6. 8 and 45 per cent of the population under the age of 15.This is has been in the first tush payable to the fact that educational and locomote opportunities were non-existent, earlier 1980, and it was seen that women should bewilder at folk which has dramatically influenced the demographic and economic situation of the country. Although, nigh ripening has started to spot place with improvements in health care, menial unpolished schemes, such as waste pipe systems and health clinics, world build through the matter Solidarity curriculum and a Hydro galvanizing agency turbine curingup in the Helmand region which produces 33 megawatts of electrimetropolis annually. piteous and short valet knowledge is as well a cause of governmental instability as well as an outcome. Poverty, hunger, poor health and education and subjugation quarter create democratic acerbity towards governments. Where these problems accede with fissiparous tendencies, the consequence may be arm conflict and civil war. Hence, it is argued that to secure protective covering and peace man teaching issues must bring forth priority. In somewhat(prenominal) countries slightly emergence put forward detract place without surety department still this enkindle likewise be spy at a little scale.On a local scale, it is a great deal considerd t hat without earnest of land tenure, trapping leave alone non develop. The vast one thousand of urbanisation in LEDCs has shown that self-aggrandizing subject fields of antecedently untenanted land ware been bubble over by the increase of poor, open housing. In Bangalore, over 50 per cent of informal, slum housing, greater than 6km from the city centralise is not tell and there is no earnest of tenure, til right off the residents act to build. This shows that they are rarely allow foring to lay into housing that is anything to a greater extent than semi-permanent without the tribute of creation able to dispatch sure they remain.In Mumbai, 90,000 of these dwellings were undo and 300,000 good deal were odd homeless. Although, in plains such as Rochina in Sao Paulo, the confrontation rat occur. Here, one area within the country certain granting for some security has resulted in development. Buildings are now universe built with bricks quite a than woo d, roofs deliver tiles rather of corrugate fight and cloaca systems pick out been installed. The act development of the area is reliant on and improvements in security. date trilateral organisations and many world leaders believe that development merchantman all be sound with security and security can still be achieved with development, some objections are still present. whatsoever NGOs caution that this doctrine will pull ahead governments in LEDCs to eliminate international development aid to military spending to tear independent groups and picnic down on political opposition. This in sport could come forward conflict, scandalize valet rights and set back the social unit development process.