Tuesday, January 28, 2014

Protein Synthesis

Protein Synthesis is the process whereby deoxyribonucleic acid (deoxyribonucleic caustic) codes for the production of essential proteins, much(prenominal) as enzymes and hormones. Proteins be long chains of motes called amino group acids. antithetical proteins are make by using different sequences and variable star numbers of amino acids. The smallest protein consists of fifty amino acids and the largest is about trinity thousand amino acids long. Protein synthesis occurs on ribosomes in the cytol of a cell but is controlled by deoxyribonucleic acid regain in the essence. Protein synthesis is a two-part process that involves a foster typecast of nucleic acid along with DNA. This second type of nucleic acid is ribonucleic acid, ribonucleic acid. ribonucleic acid differs from DNA in three main respects. First, the saccharide units in RNA are ribose as compared to DNAs deoxyribose. Because of this difference, RNA does non bind to the blast base Thymine (T), instea d, RNA contains the nucleotide base uracil (U) in place of T. (RNA also contains the former(a) three bases: Adenine (A), deoxycytidine monophosphate (C) and Guanine (G). Secondly, RNA, unlike DNA is a single separated molecule and is therefore not bonded to a complimentary base. The trine difference between RNA and DNA is that there are three different types of RNA, template RNA (messenger RNA), tRNA (transfer RNA) and rRNA (ribosome RNA). informational RNA carries the genetic code (instructions how to assemble the protein) from the DNA in the nucleus to ribosomes in the cytoplasm. tRNA picks up and transfers amino acids from cytoplasm to the messenger RNA on the ribosomes and is shaped similar to a cloverleaf. rRNA forms a structural part of ribosome that helps join the amino acids unneurotic form a protein. DNA is a giant twisted molecule made up of many nucleotides linked together resembling a two-base hit helix. It provides a base triplet, a sequence of... ! Theres an mistake in the fifth paragraph, second line from the top, first word. Its suppositional to put down nucleus not nucleolus. Its a pretty major error. If you want to get a full essay, arrangement it on our website: OrderCustomPaper.com

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